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Article the First HR Campaign


US House of Representatives

The Forgotten First Amendment - Please Ratify Now!
For more information go to Article the First

How to Conduct an Article the First HR Campaign



The U.S. Constitution of 1787 mandates three requirements in order to be a member of the House of Representatives:

1. You must be a minimum of twenty-five years old at the time of inauguration.
2. You must be a resident of the state in which your district resides.
3. You must be a U.S. citizen for seven years prior to inauguration.

Those requirements are just the technical qualifications for becoming a member of the House of Representatives. In addition, most successful Congressional candidates are old (average age is currently 57), wealthy and upper-income individuals (average net worth is 6.7 million dollars) and active in political organizations, with some governmental experience on a local or state level. There are very few young novices that make it in the U.S. House of Representatives.

Being elected to the House of Representatives is one of the most difficult assignments in all of politics due to the two-year re-election requirement in a district of over 710,000 citizens. However, once elected, incumbents rarely lose. Since 1954, the average incumbent re-election rate in the House is 93%, which is the reason why Article the First should be ratified.  

What follows is a plan for the use of any candidate, regardless of party affiliation, who seeks election to a seat in the House of Representatives on the Article the First Ratification Platform.  By running for the House of Representatives, utilizing the HR Article the First Ratification Platform, 14 candidates can unite in each Congressional District to competitively challenge entrenched incumbents.


Article The First's flawed text is memorialized in the engrossed 12 Amendments, now known as the "Bill of Rights," which were passed by the first bicameral U.S. Congress on September 25, 1789. After months of contentious debate and revisions, the House of Representatives version of limiting Congressional Districts to no more than 50,000 citizens was seemingly passed, changing only one word, and became first amendment in the "Bill of Rights." It was approved by the most important Congress in United States history whose members included Vice President John Adams, Senator Richard Henry Lee, Senator Robert Morris, Representative James Madison, Representative Oliver Ellsworth, Representative Roger Sherman, Representative Daniel Carroll, Representative Elias Boudinot and House Speaker Frederick Muhlenberg. Working behind scenes with the members of Congress were President George Washington, US Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of State, Thomas Jefferson and Chief Justice John Jay. The dysfunctional Article the First the 1789 Congress transmitted to the States was not the one approved in the  12 Amendment House/Senate Resolution of September 25th, 1789.  The following Article the First was actually passed by Congress:

After the first enumeration, required by the first article of the Constitution, there shall be one Representative for every thirty thousand, until the number shall amount to one hundred; to which number one Representative shall be added for every subsequent increase of forty thousand, until the Representatives shall amount to two hundred, to which number one Representative shall be added for every subsequent increase of sixty thousand persons.

Step One: Divide the 710,000+ citizen Congressional district  into 12 sub-districts, thus complying  with the maximum 60,000 Citizens apportionment mandated in the 12 Amendment Resolution approved by the Senate in September  1789.  Article the First Amendment

·  Campaign staff and citizen leaders should be included in determining the boundaries of the sub-districts;
·   Zip codes, which average 60,000 citizens, are recommended as a method of delineating the area of the 12 sub-districts;
·        The candidate’s sub-district will be the one in which s/he resides;
·      The candidate should encourage citizens interested in representing a sub-district to be active in their own campaign in the newly created 11 remaining sub-districts.  All Sub-district candidates must declare their candidacy by March of each election year to be eligible for the post election ballots.

Step Two: All Article the First Candidates will recruit citizens to serve as representatives for their respective Congressional sub-districts.  The selection of representatives is either accomplished by “Town Hall” or a sub-district election option.  The processes for selection following either of these options are described below: 

1.     Sub-district “Town Hall Election” option:   The selection of the 11 sub-district representatives would occur as follows:
a.     All sub-district representative nominees will be vetted and selected on a non-partisan basis by the Article the First Candidate.
b.     All sub-district representative nominees must meet the constitutional requirements for being a member of the House of Representatives and be politically, economically, and/or socially representative of their respective sub-districts.
c.      Under the above criteria, the Article the First Candidate will nominate up to three candidates to stand for a sub-district “Town Hall Election.”
                                                 i.      A public meeting will be called and marketed for a sub-district “Town Hall Election” before August 1st of the election year.  
                                               ii.      All sub-district residents (aged 18+) presenting a voter ID card, driver’s license, and/or State ID will be provided with two different colored ballots with the three nominees’ names and lines to add additional nominees.
                                            iii.      All sub-district nominees will then be given the opportunity to speak and answer questions.
                                            iv.      Citizens holding ballots will then be asked to nominate other district citizens, who must be present, to be added to the “Town Hall Election” ballot.  Once a citizen is nominated and seconded, they will be asked to speak at the podium on their own behalf.  The chair will then, through an acclamation vote, add or not, add the citizen to the ballot. 
                                               v.      After the speeches, sub-district citizens will cast their vote for one of the nominees. If one candidate does not achieve a majority vote then a second ballot will be cast between the two nominees receiving the largest number of votes from the first ballot.
d.     Town Hall Elections of sub-district representatives are to be completed before August 1st of the election year.      

2.     Sub-district “online election” option: The elections for the sub-district candidates would occur before June 1st of the election cycle.  There are various internet/paper ballot software systems that would enable the citizens to cast their vote online utilizing voter ID Cards, Driver’s Licenses, and/or State IDs in the election process. 
a.     The same voting system should be utilized for all 12 sub-district elections to minimize costs. 
b.     All sub-district candidates must meet the constitutional requirements for being a member of the House of Representatives and declare their candidacy by March of each election year to be eligible for the online election process.
c.      The campaign will provide 12 Sub-district blogs on which the declared candidates can post campaign information and videos.

d.      On the first Tuesday of May an online election will be held and if one candidate does not does not achieve a majority vote then, on the following Tuesday,  a second online election will be held between the two nominees receiving the largest number of votes from the first ballot.   

Step Three:  The Article the First Representative would serve as the Constitutionally elected official but would cast his/her vote at the directive of the Congressional District Board of  12.
·    The Article the First Representative and the 11 duly elected sub-district House Representatives would work together as the Congressional District Board of  12. On all House floor voting issues the Congressional District Board of 12 would vote like a Board of Directors. The Congressional District Board would cast a total of 12 votes with each sub-district member having one vote and the duly elected Article the First Representative having two votes.
·   The Congressional District Board of 12, along with the allotted eight regular staffers (each US Representative is entitled to 18 paid staffers), would also operate as singular Congressional office with the following differences: 
o   Each member of the Congressional District Board of 12 would have the opportunity to serve in a congressional staff position but always remain the liaison between the Board and his/her sub-district citizens;
o   The Congressional District Board of 12’s majority vote would dictate how the Article the First Representative would vote on the House of Representatives Floor;
o   The Congressional District Board of 12’s would work together to replace the Permanent Apportionment Act of 1929 with an Article the First's Apportionment Ratio Act of one House member representing a maximum of  60,000 citizens.

In conclusion, in 2014 a candidate running on an Article the First platform, with a Congressional District Board of 12, would be bringing in sub-district citizen leaders who are empowered to vote, and replace many of the existing professional staff members with local representatives. It is also conceivable that the many members of the Board would want limited or no staff duties choosing to remain at their current jobs in their respective sub-districts.  In fact, a Congressional District Board of 12 would be, at the very least, revenue neutral in the 114th Congress.   

Today,  many citizens speak of the framers and what they did or did not intend in forming the check and balance system of this great nation.    In this particular case, the framers intended the House to be the voice of the people with a 60,000 maximum citizen district; no reputable historian, political scientist or lawyer can dispute this founding fact. 

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Currently, there are numerous efforts to ratify Article the First, as transmitted (in its dysfunctional form) to the States by the 1789 U.S. Congress. Additionally, there are numerous efforts (like the video below) to change the word "more" back to "less" in Article the First, as it was transmitted to the States, back to its original functional House form that capped Congressional Districts at 50,000 people. The word "less" in red, as directed by the House Senate Conference Committee was supposed to be changed to more.

Currently, there are numerous efforts to ratify Article the First, as transmitted (in its dysfunctional form) to the States by the 1789 U.S. Congress. Additionally, there are numerous efforts (like the video below) to change the word "more" back to "less" in Article the First, as it was transmitted to the States, back to its original functional House form that capped Congressional Districts at 50,000 people. The word "less" in red, as directed by the House Senate Conference Committee was supposed to be changed to more.

First line - After the first enumeration, required by the first Article of the Constitution, there shall be one Representative for every thirty thousand, until the number shall amount to one hundred, 

Penultimate Line - after which the proportion shall be so regulated by Congress, that there shall be not less than one hundred Representatives, nor less than one Representative for every forty thousand persons until the number of Representatives shall amount to 200, 
Last line - after which the proportion shall be so regulated by Congress, that there shall not be less than two hundred Representatives, nor less than one Representative for every fifty thousand persons.
 The House errerd in constructing the final amendment enacting a resolution that changed the wrong  "less" to "More" in the last line.


First line - After the first enumeration, required by the first Article of the Constitution, there shall be one Representative for every thirty thousand, until the number shall amount to one hundred, 
Penultimate Line - after which the proportion shall be so regulated by Congress, that there shall be not less than one hundred Representatives, nor less than one Representative for every forty thousand persons until the number of Representatives shall amount to 200, 
Last line - after which the proportion shall be so regulated by Congress, that there shall not be less than two hundred Representatives, nor less than one Representative for every fifty thousand persons.

This rendered the first amendment dysfunctional.  Therefore, Congress should
  1. acknowledge that the 1789 Congress erred by transmitting the wrong Article the First to the States for ratification; 
  2. transmit Article the First, as approved by House and Senate Conference Committee on September 24th, 1789, to the States for ratification in the following form:

First line - After the first enumeration, required by the first Article of the Constitution, there shall be one Representative for every thirty thousand, until the number shall amount to one hundred, 
Penultimate Line - after which the proportion shall be so regulated by Congress, that there shall be not less than one hundred Representatives, nor more than one Representative for every forty thousand persons until the number of Representatives shall amount to 200, 
Last line - after which the proportion shall be so regulated by Congress, that there shall not be less than two hundred Representatives, nor less than one Representative for every fifty thousand persons.



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